Scientists spend days and months in laboratories and coming out with discoveries that broaden our understanding of our surrounding. Through scientific inventions, we break the boundaries of what we perceive to know about the earth and its composition. These discoveries are educative and informative as well as fascinating. Below are some of the scientific inventions that have been made as the first half of 2017 nears the end.
Drawing water out of thin air A team of researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the University of California have developed have a system that is able to convert humid air into liquid water. The scientists have invented a devices that can draw water from the air in weather condition that with as low as 20% humidity. The devices which depend on solar energy, uses a metal-organic platform composed of fumarate and zirconium to draw water from humid air. The device can suck three water quarts in 12 hours if placed in places that are between 20% to 30% humid. According to the scientist, the device is ideal in places that are not accessed to clean water.
Turning hydrogen into a metal Harvard-based scientists have developed means to turn the lightest element-hydrogen into a metal. This is a fulfillment of a prediction made 80 years ago where in 1935 scientists said hydrogen can be turned into a metal if subjected to high pressure. Since then, several scientists have attempted to fulfill the prediction have been unsuccessful in developing a mechanism that can squeeze the hydrogen to the required amount of pressure without breaking the equipment. But in what could be termed as a landmark breakthrough, a group of scientists from Harvard University recently published a paper in the Science journal indicating they have successfully squeezed the element in a diamond vise to a level where it became reflective, a major property of metals.
Studies surrounding the matter are motivated by metallic hydrogen is a superconductor and hence can be used in conducting electricity without any resistance and therefore save a lot of energy that is always lost during transmission as a result f resistance. There are seven planets the size of earth in Aquarius NASA scientists have discovered seven earth-sized worlds with life-sustaining features around Aquarius. The worlds have water and the temperatures can sustain. The discovery has raised hopes of a much earlier hunt for alien life beyond the solar system. The discovery could be extended by the use of powerful highly innovative telescopes that are likely to be launched in the coming decade. This is the first time that several planets the size of earth have been spotted in an orbit around a central star.
New Male Contraceptive Gel that works in Monkeys French scientists have developed a new contraceptive for male monkeys that has the possibility of working as human men contraceptives. The Vasalgel which is in gel form prevents the sperms in the body from entering the seminal fluid. A trial done on monkey showed 100% results of blocked sperms. The gel is administered as an injection in the vas deferens, which are located between the penis and testicles. In terms of actual procedure, doctors likened to getting a vasectomy only that in this case, the gel wouldn’t be permanent.